Period: 12th – 13th century
Origin: South India
Shiva is one of the most important gods in the Hindu pantheon, along with Brahma and Vishnu. Here he is represented as Shiva Nataraja, the lord of the dance: a four-armed figure, balancing on one leg, and surrounded by a ring of cosmic fire or prabhamandala.
With his right foot he tramples a dwarflike figure, called the apasmara purusha, symbol of ignorance.
He repeals fear with a gesture, forming the abhaya mudra with his foremost right hand.
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